Matematika Ria
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Parallel Lines, and Pairs of Angles

Parallel Lines

Lines are parallel if they are always the same distance apart (called "equidistant"), and will never meet. Just remember:

Always the same distance apart and never touching.

The red line is parallel to the blue line in both these cases:

Parallel Example 1 Parallel Example 2
Example 1
Example 2

Parallel lines also point in the same direction.

Pairs of Angles

When parallel lines get crossed by another line (which is called a Transversal), you can see that many angles are the same, as in this example:

These angles can be made into pairs of angles which have special names.


Click on each name to see it highlighted:

(If you can't see anything on the right, then you may need to install Flash Player)

Testing for Parallel Lines

Some of those special pairs of angles can be used to test if lines really are parallel:

If Any Pair Of ... Example:
Corresponding Angles are equal, or a = e
Alternate Interior Angles are equal, or c = f
Alternate Exterior Angles are equal, or b = g
Consecutive Interior Angles add up to 180° d + f = 180°
... then the lines are Parallel


These lines are parallel, because a pair of Corresponding Angles are equal.
These lines are not parallel, because a pair of Consecutive Interior Angles do not add up to 180° (81° + 101° =182°)
These lines are parallel, because a pair of Alternate Interior Angles are equal